Benign skin lesions are operated on under local anesthesia. The procedure takes about fifteen minutes, whereas the patient may resume everyday activities the very same day.
Semi-globular protuberances on the skin are often considered to be excess adipose tissue. It is not always so. A clear distinction should be made between a LIPOMA and ATHEROMA, since they are completely different in nature. Both lipoma and atheroma are considered to be benign lumps.
Lipoma is a benign tumor composed of adipose tissue. It is elastic and usually found under the skin or muscles in different parts of the body. It is not uncommon that an adult has 20 or more lipomas, which is a condition known as lipomatosis. Small lipomas do not cause any discomfort but they are not acceptable in terms of aesthetics. If the diameter of a lipoma exceeds 3cm, it can cause problems, pain and discomfort. In such a case, the lipoma needs to be surgically removed.
Atheroma is a dermal cyst, a benign skin lesion which is, in fact, caused by a clogged sebaceous gland. Its content is the products of secretion of sebaceous gland contained within the cyst envelope. Its consistency usually ranges from elastic to solid. It can usually be found on the head, neck and back. This skin lesion can remain dormant for years. Putrid, white discharge can occasionally be squeezed out of the cyst, but this does not provide a permanent solution to the problem. Atheroma should be removed surgically on time, because it can cause infection. In case of inflammation, the patient may experience pain, swelling, pecking feeling at the location of the atheroma. If the atheroma is found on the face, it can leave a big scar. If you have an atheroma, you should not wait for it to cause inflammation to make an appointment with a surgeon. The operation is the only way to remove the entire atheroma - which means cyst, its content and its envelope.
Mole (nevus) is a benign skin lesion. It can be of different shape, usually brown or black in color, 5-20 mm in diameter. Some moles exist from the very birth, whereas others are acquired in life. Any person having more than 50 moles on the skin should have regular examinations, at least once every six months (dermoscopic examination). Surgical interventions should be performed only on those moles which show changes in colour or size, or in cases when the patient complains about certain symptoms: pain, itching, leaking or bleeding. A justified reason for mole removal is the position of a mole, especially if it undergoes constant irritation. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The result of histopathological analysis is available a few days after procedure.
Solar (actinic) keratosis is a rough, scaly benign skin lesion of brown colour, different in size (sometimes even more than 3 cm in diameter). It is most often found on the parts of the body exposed to sun, mainly in elderly persons. Sometimes it appears on several places, i.e. more than thirty lesions can sometimes appear. Papilloma is a benign lesion (growth) on the skin and mucosa (Figure 2). It is caused by viruses. Therefore, it can occur repeatedly and in different numbers (multiple). It is usually found on the neck, under the breasts and on the abdomen. Papilloma is of the color of the skin, often supported on a stem.
Dermatofibroma is a solid, painless lump. It mostly occurs on the legs. In such cases, histopathological tests are usually performed.